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Botzen, Katrin
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[Journal:] REGION [ISSN:] 2409-5370 [Volume:] 3 [Year:] 2016 [Issue:] 1 [Pages:] 1-24
This article explores social capital in Germany in line with Putnam's claim that social capital benefits regional economic well-being. In particular, this macro-level study examines whether the number of civic associations, as a measure of a vibrant civil society, is related to higher GDP. Since this study uses spatial data on civic associations and official statistics concerning the German NUTS-3 regions, different spatial matrices model interdependencies among the dependent units of analysis. Exploratory spatial data analysis illustrates spatial patterns between districts, as well as each variable's radius of influence. Cross-sectional spatial models help examine social capital's effect on regional economic well-being. Results of these analyses are two-fold: first, the geographical scope of social capital is locally concentrated, whereas the sphere of economic well-being encloses a wider area. Second, social capital correlates positively with economic well-being in Germany's many regions.
social capital
civic associations
economic well-being
spatial interdependence
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