Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/145085
Authors: 
Agrawal, David R.
Fox, William F.
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 6050
Abstract: 
Rapid growth in e-commerce has altered the ability of jurisdictions to enforce commodity taxes on a destination basis. This results in different effective tax rates depending on the way in which goods and services are purchased and the characteristics of both the products and the sellers. We discuss the arguments for the destination principle as the appropriate place-of-taxation rule for consumption taxation of cross-border trade. We analyze various recent reforms to the Value Added Tax in the European Union in response to e-commerce. We then examine various policy options in the United States – maintaining the status quo, changing nexus rules, states adopting information reporting, and national reforms that require firms to remit taxes regardless of physical presence – and relate them to the recent European reforms. We conclude based on our analysis and the recent European Union experience that reforms at the national level appear to be the important next step to enforcing commodity taxes at destination in the U.S.
Subjects: 
destination taxation
origin taxation
commodity taxes
online shopping
e-commerce
tax competition
digital products
JEL: 
H20
H70
L81
R50
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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