Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/142746
Authors: 
Iritié, B. G. Jean Jacques
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
LADEG Working Paper 002/2015
Abstract: 
Criticisms vis-à-vis cluster policy are numerous, often confusing and really unhelpful; while some authors systematically question the merits, others on the contrary play a genuine role of counsel in his favour. This paper attempts to refocus the debate and analyses the economic issues, impacts and implications of the innovation clusters policy. To do this, we take a critical view of the literature on clusters, focusing on analysis of the effects of three industrial dynamics in perpetual movement within clusters, especially research and development, industrial location and technology cooperation. We assume that innovation cluster "potentiates", by a synergistic action, the beneficial effect of each of these three industrial dynamics in favour of localised firms. However, it appears from the analysis that the hopes and expectations invested in cluster policy must be reconsidered and relativised. So the reasons for the rising power of cluster policies must be sought elsewhere than in a necessarily consensual and tangible evidence of positive impacts of clusters.
Subjects: 
cluster
innovation
competitiveness pole
research and development
industrial location
technology cooperation
localised knowledge spillovers
LKS
epistemic communities
JEL: 
O25
O30
R10
Additional Information: 
Revised and expanded of LADEG Working Paper No. 002/2015
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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