Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/142370
Authors: 
Piazzalunga, Daniela
Di Tommaso, Maria Laura
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9931
Abstract: 
The paper examines the gender wage gap in Italy during the 2008-2012 economic crisis, using cross-sectional EU-SILC data. The gender wage gap increased from 4% in 2008 to 8% in 2012, when for most European countries the gap decreased. After 2010 the growth of the Italian gender wage gap (and its unexplained component) was particularly high in the upper part of the wage distribution. In 2010-11 a wage freeze in the public sector was introduced as an austerity measure: the average public sector premium dropped from 15% to 11%. Using counterfactual analyses, we show that the wage freeze has been one of the major causes of the growth of the gap, disproportionately affecting women, who are more likely to be employed in the public sector. This 'policy effect' accounts for more than 100% of the increase between 2009 and 2011, while other changes, if anything, would have reduced the gap.
Subjects: 
decomposition
gender wage gap
Great Recession
public sector premium
counterfactual analysis
JEL: 
J31
J71
J16
J45
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
596.05 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.