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Autoren: 
de la Croix, David
Doepke, Matthias
Mokyr, Joel
Datum: 
2016
Reihe/Nr.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9828
Zusammenfassung: 
In the centuries leading up to the Industrial Revolution, Western Europe gradually pulled ahead of other world regions in terms of technological creativity, population growth, and income per capita. We argue that superior institutions for the creation and dissemination of productive knowledge help explain the European advantage. We build a model of technological progress in a pre-industrial economy that emphasizes the person-to-person transmission of tacit knowledge. The young learn as apprentices from the old. Institutions such as the family, the clan, the guild, and the market organize who learns from whom. We argue that medieval European institutions such as guilds, and specific features such as journeymanship, can explain the rise of Europe relative to regions that relied on the transmission of knowledge within extended families or clans.
Schlagwörter: 
dissemination of knowledge
guilds
clans
apprenticeship
JEL: 
E02
J24
N10
N30
O33
O43
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper
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