Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/141569
Authors: 
Daysal, N. Meltem
Trandafir, Mircea
van Ewijk, Reyn
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9810
Abstract: 
We investigate the impact of early-life medical interventions on low-risk newborn health. A policy rule in The Netherlands creates large discontinuities in medical treatments at gestational week 37. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find no health benefits from additional treatments for average newborns. However, there is substantial heterogeneity in returns to treatments with significant health benefits for newborns in the lowest income quartile and no benefits in higher income quartiles. This seems due to increased maternal stress from referral to an obstetrician among higher-income mothers, heterogeneous effects of home births, and potential difficulties in risk screening among low-income women.
Subjects: 
medical interventions
birth
heterogeneity
mortality
JEL: 
I11
I12
I18
J13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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