Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/141286
Authors: 
Arnold, Michael
Mattes, Anselm
Wagner, Gert G.
Year of Publication: 
2016
Citation: 
[Journal:] DIW Economic Bulletin [ISSN:] 2192-7219 [Volume:] 6 [Year:] 2016 [Issue:] 19 [Pages:] 215-223
Abstract: 
Since the 1980s, in West Germany has been a substantial decline in the number of people of working age who are not in paid employment. Accordingly, the share of 18- to 67-year-olds without a job has also fallen. This increase in employment figures primarily benefited those in marginal employment or solo entrepreneurs and had less of an impact on those in typical employment. In fact, the present analysis based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), shows that there has been no decline in the share of those of working age who are in typical employment. However, individuals in atypical employment are exposed to some very specific risks. There are various possible measures that may help counteract this type of employment, including abolishing the special legislation on "mini-jobs" (salary of up to 450 euros per month), expanding childcare options, and introducing mandatory retirement and accident insurance for the uninsured self-employed.
Subjects: 
labor force participation
middle class
atypical employment
SOEP
JEL: 
E24
J21
Z13
Document Type: 
Article

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