A few months ago, Dr Eppler took over the ministry responsible for German development aid. The new minister considers development aid an important instrument for the international détente, which is to facilitate cooperation between peoples and which, in the long run, will guarantee world peace. Decisive for the carrying-through of aid measures is not a possible advantage for the donor countries, but only the benefit resulting for the developing countries. For this aim, steadily growing aid contributions do by no means suffice. What is necessary is rather a careful qualitative selection of measures and an improvement in their organisational prosecution.