Bitte verwenden Sie diesen Link, um diese Publikation zu zitieren, oder auf sie als Internetquelle zu verweisen: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/130612
Autoren: 
Bublitz, Elisabeth
Regner, Tobias
Datum: 
2016
Schriftenreihe/Nr.: 
HWWI Research Paper No. 174
Zusammenfassung: 
Receiving equal wages for work of equal value is a legal right in many countries. However, it remains unknown to what degree the neglect of this principle yields differences in pay between social and other occupations. The results of a task-based analysis with survey data confirm a notable wage penalty of 0.5 standard deviations for social occupations (e.g., health care, education). Based on these results, we design a laboratory experiment that mimics actual income distributions (Germany, USA), incorporates social occupations in the lab society, and allows for (voluntary) redistribution among subjects. The results show that, regardless of (non-)random assignment to social jobs and the level of income inequality, individuals in social jobs are only partly compensated for their social effort. A downward spiral, induced by emotional reactions, results as social effort and donations converge to a 'low' equilibrium. This suggests that a market approach fails to eliminate the social pay gap.
Schlagwörter: 
inequality
tasks data
redistribution
experiment
voluntary payments
social returns
externality
JEL: 
C90
D62
D63
H23
J31
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

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