Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/130339
Authors: 
Hernæs, Øystein
Markussen, Simen
Røed, Knut
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9645
Abstract: 
We exploit supply-driven heterogeneity in the expansion of cable television across Norwegian municipalities to identify developmental effects of commercial television exposure during childhood. We find that higher exposure to commercial television reduces cognitive ability and high school graduation rates for young men. The effects are largest for exposure during pre-school and elementary school age. We find no effect on high school completion for women, suggesting availability of non-educational media content as a factor in the widening educational gender gap. Based on time-use data, we show that a possible explanation is that television-watching crowds out reading more for boys than girls.
Subjects: 
human capital
media
education gender gap
JEL: 
J13
J16
J24
L82
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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