Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/128267
Authors: 
Najman, Boris
Neumann, Alexander
Styczynska, Izabela
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
CASE Network Studies & Analyses 456
Abstract: 
This paper focuses on emerging labour patterns within the Socio-Ecological Transition (SET), with particular attention paid to the effects of urbanisation. Based on the European Labour Force Survey (ELFS), the authors mobilize micro-econometric approaches in order to understand three major employment patterns: job mobility (between unemployment, inactivity, and employment), the desire to change jobs, and underemployment (i.e. part time jobs) in the European Union. The results show that the urbanization transition might express some positive effects on the labour market in the medium-term for several reasons. The employment rate has slightly decreased in all types of regions, yet it remains higher in urban settlements. Urban settlements offer more job opportunities and more part-time employment options. However, cyclical shocks tend to have a higher impact on urban areas when compared to rural areas. This means higher chances for employment in urban settlements during a boom and more job losses during a slow-down (causing less security on the labour market).
Subjects: 
Employment Structure and Patterns
Urbanisation
Socio-Ecological Transformation
JEL: 
J21
R11
ISBN: 
978-83-7178-585-6
Document Type: 
Research Report

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