Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/127590
Authors: 
Cattaneo, Matias
Galiani, Sebastian
Gertler, Paul
Martinez, Sebastian
Titiunik, Rocio
Year of Publication: 
2008
Series/Report no.: 
Documento de Trabajo 74
Abstract: 
Despite the importance of housing for people’s well-being, there is little evidence on the causal impact of housing and housing improvement programs on health and welfare. In this paper, we help to fill this gap by investigating the impact of a large-scale effort by the Mexican Government to replace dirt floors with cement floors on child health and adult happiness. We find that replacing dirt floors with cement floors significantly improves the health of young children. Specifically, we find significant decreases in the incidence of parasitic infestations, diarrhea, and the prevalence of anemia, and an improvement in children’s cognitive development. Additionally, we find that replacing dirt floors by cement floors significantly improves adult welfare, as measured by increased satisfaction with their housing and quality of life, as well as by lower scores on depression and perceived stress scales.
JEL: 
I12
I38
H43
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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