Berentsen, Aleksander Huber, Samuel Marchesiani, Alessandro
Year of Publication:
Working Paper 199
In the United Kingdom, money demand deviates from the convex relationship suggested by monetary theory. Limited commitment of borrowers via banks can explain this observation. Our finding is based on a microfounded monetary model, where a money market provides insurance against idiosyncratic liquidity shocks by offering short-term loans and by paying interest on money market deposits. We calibrate the model to U.K. data and show that limited commitment significantly improves the fit between the theoretical money demand function and the data. Limited commitment can also explain the "liquidity trap"; i.e., why the ratio of credit to M1 is currently so low, despite the fact that nominal interest rates are at their lowest recorded levels.