Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Hufe, Paul
Peichl, Andreas
Roemer, John
Ungerer, Martin
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
ZEW Discussion Papers 15-084
Many studies have estimated the effect of circumstances on income acquisition. Perhaps surprisingly, the fraction of inequality attributable to circumstances is usually quite small - in the advanced democracies, on the order of 20%. One reason for this is the lack of data on circumstance variables in empirical research. Here, we argue that all behaviors and accomplishments of children should be considered the consequence of circumstances: That is, an individual should not be considered to be responsible for her choices before an age of consent is reached. Using two data sets that contain data on childhood accomplishments, other environmental circumstances, and the income as an adult, we compute that the fraction of income inequality due to circumstances in the US is over 45%, and in the UK it is over 31%.
Equality of Opportunity
Earnings Inequality
Lower bounds
Early childhood achievements
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper
Social Media Mentions:

Files in This Item:
382.66 kB

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.