Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/125687
Authors: 
Andréasson, Hannes
Elert, Niklas
Karlson, Nils
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
WWWforEurope Working Paper 33
Abstract: 
This paper investigates whether social cohesion makes economic reforms more likely. First, we investigated whether social cohesion is a coherent concept by using a principal-component factor (PCF) analysis covering 16 indicators used to measure social cohesion in the previous literature for 40 different countries. The results suggested that in fact social cohesion is a multidimensional concept, consisting of no less than five orthogonal components or distinct dimensions, which we labeled social divisions, modern values, traditional nationalism, institutional commitment, and fairness as merit. The dimensions are then examined in relationship with economic reform in a panel regression framework. Results show that most dimensions of social cohesion do not in fact influence reform capacity. However, views of fairness based on merit, in contrast to equality, and to some extent social divisions, are found to have a positive effect on economic reforms. The results go against the previous literature, challenging the prevailing view of social cohesion as being unambiguously beneficial to economic reform.
Subjects: 
Social cohesion
welfare state
reform
economic freedom
JEL: 
D02
O17
O43
P00
Z13
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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