[Journal:] IZA World of Labor [ISSN:] 2054-9571 [Year:] 2014 [Issue:] 40
The recent EU enlargements into Central and Eastern Europe and increased labor mobility within the Union provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the labor market effects of emigration. Outmigration has contributed to higher wages for stayers, as well as to lower unemployment in the source country. However, emigration has also exacerbated skills shortages in some sectors, as well as mismatches between skills and jobs.
outmigration emigration labor market EU enlargement labor mobility transition economies