Isphording, Ingo E. Piopiunik, Marc Rodríguez-Planas, Núria
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers 9433
This paper is the first to estimate a causal effect of immigrant students' reading performance on their math performance. To overcome endogeneity issues due to unobserved ability, we apply an IV approach exploiting variation in age-at-arrival and the linguistic distance between origin and destination country languages. Using four PISA waves, we find a strong influence of reading performance on math performance, highlighting the importance of early language support for immigrants for their educational career.
age-at-arrival linguistic distance math performance language immigrants instrumental variable