Brazilian agriculture has undergone a process of modernization that occurred gradually since the 1950s to the present day. Part of this modernization included the use of more efficient agricultural practices with respect to agricultural yield. However, Brazilian agriculture still faces many obstacles to its further development, one of which is posed by the faulty transport and logistics infrastructure. This text deals with this issue. The main purpose of it is to address the relationship between agribusiness and logistics infrastructure necessary to allow Brazilian agriculture continued development. Alternatives to expand and modernize Brazilian transport infrastructure exist. These alternatives in turn face the problem of funding. As much as they are beneficial to the agricultural sector, the available resources to fund many of the projects are scarce. The resolution of such a challenge, to improve poor Brazilian logistics infrastructure, is not trivial, but it is one that must be addressed by society and public authorities.