Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/121636
Authors: 
de Carvalho, Alexandre Ywata
Coutinho, Paulo C.
Oliveira, André L.
de Britto, Paulo Augusto P.
Lustosa, Paulo Roberto Barbosa
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 2093
Abstract (Translated): 
In this paper, we present some models to analyze the impacts of surface transportation logistic costs on importers and exporters decisions on which ports to choose for foreign trade operations. We employed a technique based on fractional split distributions, in which the dependent variable corresponds to the share of cargo across the available ports for imports and exports. The geographic observational unit used was the microrregion (Brazil is divided in more than five hundred microrregions). Parameter estimation is done by maximum quasi-likelihood, based on foreign trade data. The results confirmed conclusions from other studies in the literature: the geographic factors and internal transportation costs are very important for importers and exporters decisions. Based on the estimated models, we simulate potential impacts of different scenarios for changes in internal transportation costs on the inter port competition in Brazil.
Subjects: 
port sector
geographic markets
competitiveness indicators
discrete choice models
maximum quasi-likelihood
fractional split distributions
JEL: 
L11
L13
L52
L91
R42
R12
C02
C25
C54
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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