Texto para Discussão, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) 1980
This paper explores how malapportionment affects the way Brazilian federal government allocates its resources to subnational units. Specifically, we argue that over-represented subnational units receive more per capita in discretionary federal spending because the executive seeks its legislative support. Using data from 1997 to 2010, we propose and evaluate a model for explaining discretionary federal spending. The findings support the hypothesis that over-represented subnational units receive more than under-represented ones, presumably because the central government strategically target them to gain legislative support.
malapportionment Executive-Legislative relations fiscal federalism Brazil