Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/121118
Authors: 
Orefice, Gianluca
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
FIW Working Paper 111
Abstract: 
This paper investigates empirically the role of Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) as determinants of migration inflows for 29 OECD countries in the period 1998-2008. By increasing information about signatory countries, PTAs are expected to drive migration flows towards member countries. Building on the empirical literature on the determinants of migration, I estimate a modified gravity model on migration flows providing evidence of a strong positive effect of PTAs on bilateral migration flows. I also consider the content of PTAs as a further determinant of migration, finding that visa-and-asylum and labour market related provisions, when included in PTAs, stimulate bilateral migration flows. Finally, by comparing the average effects of PTAs on migration flows and on trade, I show that PTAs stimulate bilateral migration flows more than trade in final goods. PTAs might be used by government to increase inflows of immigrant workers in the case of labour shortages or population ageing.
Subjects: 
International Migration
Trade Policy
Migration Policy
PTAs
JEL: 
F22
F13
F53
F16
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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