Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/121031
Authors: 
Breuss, Fritz
Fornero, Jorge A.
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
FIW Working Paper 34
Abstract: 
We build a fully micro-founded dynamic general equilibrium (DSGE) model, which is estimated employing Bayesian methods. The model captures the most salient features of Austria as a small open economy, the Euro Area (EA) and the United States (U.S.). Further analysis is conducted through numerical simulations to examine how nominal and real shocks are propagated. Besides, welfare costs of nominal rigidities are calculated. We distinguish two sample periods, ‘pre-EMU' and ‘EMU'. In the former, we maintain the assumption of full commitment of respective (independent) Central Banks towards their monetary rules, whereas in the latter, the monetary policy of Austria is fully aligned with the European Central Bank. Main results are derived from Bayesian estimation and simulation of the estimated model. Welfare calculations from the estimated model suggest that in the pre-EMU period, the EA and Austria present welfare costs close to one percent of steady-state consumption, whereas the U.S. welfare costs is slightly higher (-1.52 percent). As it would be expected, in the second subsample, welfare costs in the EA decrease, indicating an improvement in the allocation during the EMU regime (similarly in the U.S.), whereas in Austria welfare costs go up.
Subjects: 
Monetary Policy
NOEM
DSGE models
Austria
EURO area
U.S.
JEL: 
E42
F41
F42
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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