51st Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "New Challenges for European Regions and Urban Areas in a Globalised World", 30 August - 3 September 2011, Barcelona, Spain
Between 2003 and 2007 the container traffic handled by the national port system increased slowly, despite the strong growth of the maritime traffic in the Mediterranean Sea. That was due both to the national economic stagnation and to the inability of the ports to widen abroad their operational area, because of qualitative and quantitative lacks in port and land infrastructures. This work aims to investigate these issues, by a survey on the national agents of the main global shipping companies. The major competitive weaknesses affect land infrastructure; other problems concern inefficiencies in national ports' activity and lacks in their infrastructure endowment. The national logistic supply chain is fragmented with respect to the integrated systems of other Countries. In the opinion of the shipping agents, some improvements might consist in infrastructure investments, in a liberalization of rail transport and in the modernization of port governance, especially by easing bureaucratic fulfilments and by granting to the Port Authorities a wider financial autonomy.