46th Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "Enlargement, Southern Europe and the Mediterranean", August 30th - September 3rd, 2006, Volos, Greece
The territorial examination of human resources and their training institutions was disregarded by the hungarian regional researches. The cause of the time-lag is that data concerning the qualification of the population are connecting to the census, which is carried out in every 10th year and it is not possible to work out reliable analyses on the territorial level (regional, county, in case of some variable settlement) without them. There is rather broad information base on the institutions training human resources. For example information on the network of secondary level education, higher education, their service palette (training directions), quantity development (number of students, teachers), state of supply (equipments), and data can be collected about the rating of institutons (mainly on secondary level) as well (the number of matriculating students). The first part of the study focuses on the relation between human resources and regional development. It sets out that human capacity is a new resource, which has more and more important role in shaping of territorial processes. The authors examine the regional features of human resources in five dimensions. First, they review the human factors like the more important demographical factors, the qualification and the Human Development Index. In case of life quality they analyse the civil society and the regional/local identity. When analysing the change of living conditions they review the role of the info-communication infrastructure in the city network. In the part on knowledge and communication network they study the regional structure and changes of training institutions (from primary school to high education) and research and development. Finally they evaluate the innovation environment of the city network in the transition period. The essay proves that regional disparities can be shown in the human resources, but their character is different from the expected, which can be experienced in the economy or settlement network. To conclude, regional disparities are manifold, the structure is divided by factors and the concentration effects of large centers is quite strong.