Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/117880
Authors: 
Markandya, Anil
Pedroso, Suzette
Golub, Alexander
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
Nota di Lavoro, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei 1.2004
Abstract: 
Data on GDP per capita and sulfur emissions for twelve European countries were analyzed to determine the relationship between emissions and income in these countries. As a whole, the relationship between sulfur emissions and per capita income is a fourth order polynomial and not a quadratic one as found in most studies. When countries were examined individually, seven out of the twelve countries depicted the same relationship. Looking closely at the regulations restricting sulfur emissions in the UK, the impact of all regulations supported the inverted U-shaped Kuznets curve. Individually, however, it is found that only two regulations have statistically significant impacts: Smoke Abatement Act in 1926 (reduced the amount of sulfur associated with a given level of GDP); and Clean Air Act in 1956 (increased the amount of sulfur emissions associated with a given level of GDP).
Subjects: 
Environmental Kuznet's Curve
Europe
Sulfur dioxide emission
JEL: 
C33
Q53
Q58
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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