42nd Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "From Industry to Advanced Services - Perspectives of European Metropolitan Regions", August 27th - 31st, 2002, Dortmund, Germany
The opening of the Oresund bridge is the ultimate break through in cutting travel time between, East-Denmark and Scania, Sweden. The final implementing of the TEN project makes it finally possible to commute on a daily basis in the region between the two countries. The new link either has enlarged the Copenhagen region as a northern hub or created a new Scandinavian hub with Copenhagen and Malmö as core centres. This new common Oresund region provides an optimal location for central European and international firms that try to penetrate the Nordic markets from a location close to the European centre but close to the majority of customers due to its economy of scale. One of the questions for the future development of the region is if travel patterns at the two sides of the strait can adapt to the new circumstances. In relation to that it can be asked if the abilities already exist today to cope with the demands of the changed regions structure for work commuting. Going one step further increased regional identity will foster a change of moving patterns. An overview over the living and housing situation in the region try to analyse if it is today favourable reconsidering permanently the place of residence to come closer to the economical centre of the region, to reduce unproductive commuting or increase quality of life. The paper tries to give answers to these and other questions related to willingness and ability to commute in the region, using the results of a household survey that has been performed in the Oresund region. The survey bases on a random sample Danes and Swedes living in the new region that have been asked about their relation to the region and future expectation and willingness to commute. Starting from the assumption that individual total average travel time does not increase but accessible area this paper tries to summarize the preferences of different peergroups and their adapting ability for fostering a common region.