42nd Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "From Industry to Advanced Services - Perspectives of European Metropolitan Regions", August 27th - 31st, 2002, Dortmund, Germany
According to models of urban development the relations between city cores and its hinterlands are defined by strong inter-linkages and interdependencies. Some examples for those are: - Procurement of reserve areas - Exchange of energy and mass-flows - Sharing of logistical and deposit functions. Co-operations are used to foster these inter-linkages and the institutional framework with its relevant actors (organisations, associations) embedded in both spatial areas are used to determine this frame. In former works we have identified two layers to analyse these co-operations (i.e. micro and macro level). The micro level can be defined also as the personal level where personal contacts and interactions in form of communication patterns and information flows determine the problem solution capacity, the relationship between the actors/players and the success and failure of a co-operation. The macro level can be defined as the overall framework conditions or the system related conditions. These conditions influence city-hinterland relations directly and are often the reason for failed co-operation efforts. Therefore it is necessary to check these conditions first. This paper will deal with the possible design and management of city-hinterland relations which may overcome conflicts and weaknesses. Our approach will not only be based upon empirical evidence from the Vienna region but also be embedded in an interdisciplinary scientific frame. We will therefore try to combine regional science and management science as well as behavioural science in this design. The key hypothesis will be that efficient and effective city-hinterland management will only be possible if centred on problems at hand rather than institutional routines. Co-operations in this context should help to strengthen this orientation. The empirical background of our paper will be drawn from the findings of a research project funded within the focal research programme "Kulturlandschaftsforschung" of the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science. Within this research project four city-hinterland municipalities within the metropolitan area of Vienna have been thoroughly analysed. This contribution will provide the basic information to derive the mentioned theoretical framework.