41st Congress of the European Regional Science Association: "European Regional Development Issues in the New Millennium and their Impact on Economic Policy", 29 August - 1 September 2001, Zagreb, Croatia
Public intervention has never been neutral for the dynamics of French territories. Nevertheless, how could the fact that henceforward decisions are mostly taken at a global level be taken into account ? Facing the globalization of firms'productive and spatial strategies, how could local actors' concerns really influence the future of their territories ? Can we contend that an irreversible stage of "counter-keynesian revolution" has been reached, as to local public policies ? The main idea which we be developed in this paper will try to challenge this commonly assumed impairment of the power of local public policies in the field of urban dynamics. Thus, the creation of strategic urban plans will be stressed as a major promoting and stimulating action in order to enhance the level of economic growth of cities. This assertion lies on the preliminary statement of the fresh outbreak of uncertainties which has been entailed by the globalization of economics. Thus, this paper will intend to show to which extent the existence of strategic urban plans and municipal policies may succeed in solving the uncertainties which could otherwise shackle urban growth and dynamism. The first section describes the data and presents the variables, the assumed effects of which will be tested. Section 2 deals with several regression diagnostics which will be checked in our ordinary least squares regressions. Section 3 questions the relevance of the assumptions and presents the results for the growth of 214 French cities from 1982 to 1996.