Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/114101
Authors: 
Berthelon, Matias
Kruger, Diana
Oyarzún, Melanie
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9212
Abstract: 
Lack of adequate childcare is a main reason women cite for not participating in the labor force. We investigate the effect of a reform that lengthened school schedules from half to full days in Chile – essentially providing zero-cost childcare – on different maternal labor participation outcomes. We identify the effect of the policy from its implementation across municipalities over time and rule out alternative explanations, finding evidence of positive and important effects on participation and more permanent attachment to the labor force. Additionally, we also find results are driven by the provision of full day schooling in 1st and 2nd grades.
Subjects: 
full day schooling
primary education
female labor participation
education reform
Chile
JEL: 
H4
J2
J4
I2
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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