Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/114098
Authors: 
Foureaux Koppensteiner, Martin
Manacorda, Marco
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9211
Abstract: 
This paper uses microdata from Brazilian natality and mortality vital statistics between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence – measured by homicide rates - on birth outcomes. The estimates show that exposure to violence during the first trimester of pregnancy leads to a small but precisely estimated increase in the risk of low birthweight and prematurity. Effects are found in both rural areas, where homicides are rare, and in urban areas, where violence is endemic and are particularly pronounced among children of poorly educated mothers, implying that violence compounds the disadvantage that these children already suffer as a result of their households' lower socioeconomic status.
Subjects: 
birth outcomes
birthweight
homicides
stress
Brazil
JEL: 
I12
I15
I39
J13
K42
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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