Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/114084
Authors: 
Grossbard, Shoshana
Vernon, Victoria
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9198
Abstract: 
Using microdata from Current Population Survey Fertility supplements 1990-2010 we examine whether Common Law Marriage (CLM) laws in the US affect teen birth rates. CLM effects are identified through cross-state and time variation, as four states repealed the law over the period of study. We find that in the states where CLM laws were first available but then repealed the odds that teens would become new mothers increased, with a larger increase among young black teens. When we include dummies for CLM at various times around the timing of the repeal, it turns out that the likelihood of becoming a mother is most affected by availability of CLM between 1 and 4 years prior to the repeal. There is a small negative effect of CLM on older women becoming mothers. To the extent that they reduce teen births CLM laws are socially desirable and worthy of further study.
Subjects: 
fertility
Common-Law marriage
teens
JEL: 
J12
J13
K36
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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