Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/114019
Authors: 
de la Rica, Sara
Rebollo-Sanz, Yolanda Fatima
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 9135
Abstract: 
The Great Recession has had a disproportionately negative effect on working men compared to working women in many OECD countries and led to gender convergence in aggregate unemployment rates. In this paper we seek the sources of this recent convergence by using Social Security records on individuals to study the determinants of unemployment ins and outs over the course of a whole business cycle, i.e. 2000‐2013. We focus on Spain – a country hit hard by unemployment increases in downturns. Our results indicate that unemployment outs are crucial in understanding changes in unemployment rates in Spain. Furthermore, the huge drop in unemployment outs in the recession, particularly for men, has led to unprecedented levels of long‐term unemployment, which has come to account for 64% of total unemployment. Negative state dependence emerges as a key barrier to job access for the long‐term unemployed and hence the rate of unemployment is expected to remain high for many years, even if there is a strong recovery.
Subjects: 
state dependence
hazard rates
unemployment gross flows
gender differentials
JEL: 
J63
J64
J16
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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