Grevenbrock, Nils Groneck, Max Ludwig, Alexander Zimper, Alexander
Year of Publication:
Beiträge zur Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik 2015: Ökonomische Entwicklung - Theorie und Politik - Session: Behavior and Learning F20-V2
This paper presents new findings on biased survival beliefs by constructing their individual-level objective counterparts. We find that biases can be modelled through age-dependent probability weighting functions as known in cumulative prospect theory. The dynamics of these probability weighting functions over age suggest that misconception is increasingly driven by pessimism and likelihood insensitivity. These findings are in line with rationalizations in the literature using structural behavioral learning models with psychological biases. Exploiting newly available data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) on psychological factors we provide further empirical evidence supporting these explanations. Finally, we show that misconception is relevant for the demand for life insurance.