Gargalianou, Vasiliki Muehlfeld, Katrin Urbig, Diemo van Witteloostuijn, Arjen
Schumpeter Discussion Papers No. 2015-002
We investigate the relationship between gender and foreign language anxiety (FLA) in the second language (L2: English) of 320 adult bilinguals (L1: Dutch) outside the foreign language learning context. Results show that females experience higher levels of FLA. The association between gender and FLA, however, is a reflection of gender differences in personality; personality mediates most of this relationship. Individuals who are highly emotional or conscientious - dimensions for which males and females demonstrate substantial differences - experience higher levels of FLA. Furthermore, this relationship is stronger for women; that is, gender also acts as moderator to the personality-FLA relationship.
foreign language anxiety gender personality survey