Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/110979
Authors: 
Stark, Oded
Wlodarczyk, Julia
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
University of Tübingen Working Papers in Economics and Finance 82
Abstract: 
Drawing on the premise that the integration of economies revises people's social space and their comparators, we quantify social stress by aggregate relative deprivation, ARD; we calculate the effect of monetary mergers on ARD; and we document the validity of the superadditivity property of ARD for successive adoptions of a common currency by European countries. One feature of monetary unification, which replaces diverse currencies with a common currency, is that it brings about a change in the comparison environment, expanding the reference space of individuals in a given country to encompass individuals from the joining countries. Overall, calculations regarding six enlargements of the Economic and Monetary Union between 1999 and 2011 reveal an increase of ARD on six occasions when we hold incomes constant, and on five when we take into consideration changes in incomes. In addition, we observe an uneven distribution of the costs and benefits from monetary integration among the participating countries when these costs and benefits are measured in terms of ARD.
Subjects: 
Monetary integration
Aggregate relative deprivation
Superadditivity
Social stress
JEL: 
D31
D63
E42
E44
F33
P51
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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