Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/110849
Authors: 
Adena, Maja
Enikolopov, Ruben
Petrova, Maria
Santarosa, Veronica
Zhuravskaya, Ekaterina
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 5330
Abstract: 
How do the media affect public support for democratic institutions in a fragile democracy? What role do they play in a dictatorial regime? We study these questions in the context of Germany of the 1920s and 1930s. During the democratic period, when the Weimar government introduced pro-government political news, the growth of Nazi popularity slowed down in areas with access to radio. This effect was reversed during the campaign for the last competitive election as a result of the pro-Nazi radio broadcast following Hitler’s appointment as German chancellor. During the consolidation of dictatorship, radio propaganda helped the Nazis to enroll new party members. After the Nazis established their rule, radio propaganda incited anti-Semitic acts and denunciations of Jews to authorities by ordinary Germans. The effect of anti-Semitic propaganda varied depending on the listeners’ predispositions toward the message. Nazi radio was most effective in places where anti-Semitism was historically high and had a negative effect in places with historically low anti-Semitism.
Subjects: 
anti-semitism
dictatorship
media
Nazis
propaganda
unconsolidated democracy
JEL: 
D72
L82
N74
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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