Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/110128
Authors: 
Campaña, Juan Carlos
Gimenez-Nadal, J. Ignacio
Molina, José Alberto
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 8933
Abstract: 
We analyze differences by gender in the time dedicated to total work (paid and unpaid) by families in Latin America, with particular attention to the effect of social norms. To this end, we use survey data on time use in Mexico (2009), Peru (2010), Ecuador (2012) and Colombia (2012), to estimate differential equations through OLS. Our results reveal differences between countries in terms of the gender distribution of total work (paid work plus unpaid work), with Colombia and Peru being more equitable. These two countries could be approaching a situation of "iso-work", or equality of work, in the sense that men and women spend similar amounts of time in total work. When considering the social norms that explain gender differences in the time spent in total work, we use data from the last wave (2010-2014) of the World Values Survey (WVS). Our results indicate that the more egalitarian countries exhibit the highest levels of equality in the distribution of work. It is important to know how men and women from these four countries distribute their time in total work, in order to understand why there are clear differences by gender.
Subjects: 
total work
Latin America
differences by gender
social norms
JEL: 
D13
J22
J13
J16
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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