Bitte verwenden Sie diesen Link, um diese Publikation zu zitieren, oder auf sie als Internetquelle zu verweisen: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/110111
Autoren: 
De Paola, Maria
Ponzo, Michela
Scoppa, Vincenzo
Datum: 
2015
Schriftenreihe/Nr.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 8859
Zusammenfassung: 
We exploit a natural experiment based on the Italian promotion system for associate and full professor positions to investigate gender differences in the willingness to enter competition. Using data on about 42,000 professors and controlling for productivity and a number of individual and field characteristics, we find that females have a lower probability of applying for competition of about 4 percentage points. The determinants of this gap seem to be gender differences in risk-aversion and self-confidence and women's fear of discrimination: the lower tendency to enter competition is especially relevant for women in the lower tail of the distribution of scientific productivity and in fields in which productivity is not easily measurable; furthermore, women are less likely to apply for promotion in fields in which promotions of females in the past were rare.
Schlagwörter: 
attitudes towards competition
gender gaps
risk-aversion
self-confidence
discrimination
academic promotions
natural experiment
JEL: 
J71
M51
J45
J16
D72
D78
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

Datei(en):
Datei
Größe
318.15 kB





Publikationen in EconStor sind urheberrechtlich geschützt.