A double nature characterizes the behavior of the government in the venture capital market: a fear of systemic risk and the desire to stimulate companies with growth potential. It seems that the fear might be a bit excessive, disproportionately restricting the effects of venture capital in the long-term development of enterprises. On the other hand, the government has considerably modernized its involvement as an investor in the venture capital market, better adapting its tools to the very nature of venture capital. Notwithstanding, the balance of these two effects can be drawn just over a long time. The article first overviews the effects of the crisis on the venture capital market, especially on the investable sources. This is followed by the description of the changing regulatory role of the government after the crisis, focusing on new regulations regarding the venture capital market: restrictions on the investment activity of institutional investors as well as new requirements for the operation of venture capital fund managers. The article ends with the description of the new trends of government as an investor in the venture capital market, including the varying successes of its domestic practice in Hungary compared with international experience.
venture capital private equity public venture capital fund management institutional investors investment regulation