Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Kunze, Astrid
Miller, Amalia
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 8725
This paper studies gender spillovers in career advancement using 11 years of employer-employee matched data on the population of white-collar workers at over 4,000 private-sector establishments in Norway. Our data include unusually detailed job information for each worker, which enables us to define seven hierarchical ranks that are consistent across establishments and over time in order to measure promotions (defined as year-to-year rank increases) even for individuals who change employers. We first find that women have significantly lower promotion rates than men across all ranks of the corporate hierarchy, even after controlling for a range of individual characteristics (age, education, tenure, experience) and including fixed effects for current rank, year, industry, and even work establishment. In measuring the effects of female coworkers, we find positive gender spillovers across ranks (flowing from higher-ranking to lower-ranking women) but negative spillovers within ranks. The finding that greater female representation at higher ranks narrows the gender gap in promotion rates at lower ranks suggests that policies that increase female representation in corporate leadership can have spillover benefits to women in lowers ranks.
gender differences in promotions
women in leadership
workplace gender spillovers
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
1.25 MB

Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.