Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/107490
Authors: 
De Paola, Maria
Gioia, Francesca
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 8708
Abstract: 
We investigate whether and how time pressure affects performance. We conducted a field experiment in which students from an Italian University are proposed to choose between two exam schemes: a standard scheme without time pressure and an alternative scheme consisting of two written intermediate tests, one of which to be taken under time pressure. Both exam schemes consist of a verbal and a numerical part, each carrying half of the total marks. Students deciding to sustain the alternative exam are randomly assigned to a "time pressure" and a "no time pressure" group. Students performing under time pressure at the first test perform in absence of time pressure at the second test and vice versa. We find that being exposed to time pressure exerts a negative and statistically significant impact on students' performance both at the verbal and at the numerical task. The effect is driven by a strong negative impact on females' performance, while there is no statistically significant effect on males. Gender differences in handling time pressure are relevant only when dealing with the verbal task. Using data on students' expectations, we also find that the effect produced by time pressure on performance was correctly perceived by students. Female students expect a lower grade when working under time pressure, while males do not.
Subjects: 
time pressure
time constraints
gender differences
student performance
JEL: 
C93
D03
I23
J71
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
307.26 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.