Gomes, André Moura Cordeiro, Pedro Antero Braga Araújo, Pedro Lucas da Cruz Pereira
Year of Publication:
20th ITS Biennial Conference, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 30 Nov. - 03 Dec. 2014: The Net and the Internet - Emerging Markets and Policies
The purpose is to introduce policy proposals for universal access to broadband, assessing the hypothetical implementation of instruments suggested by the sectoral literature to Brazil. The methodology is based on the analysis of the literature on policies for universal access and broadband plans in the context of Latin America and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the discussion of its effects on related sectoral indicators. Then, the impact of the application of three approaches to universal access policies on indicators of broadband access is estimated: (i) incentive to service offers through allocation of funds for infrastructure deployment in underserved areas, (ii) demand-side stimulus using direct subsidies and (iii) service tax relief. Finally, the expected effects of each policy are compared and a hybrid model to maximize the social benefit of each approach is suggested.