van den Berg, Gerard J. Pinger, Pia R. Schoch, Johannes
SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 710
We estimate average causal effects of early-life hunger on late-life health by applying instrumental variable estimation, using data with self-reported periods of hunger earlier in life, with famines as instruments. The data contain samples from European countries and include birth cohorts exposed to various famines in the 20th century. We use two-sample IV estimation to deal with imperfect recollection of conditions at very early stages of life. The estimated average causal effects may exceed famine effects by at least a factor three.
nutrition famine ageing developmental origins height two-sample IV