Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/104424
Authors: 
Stowasser, Till
Heiss, Florian
McFadden, Daniel
Winter, Joachim
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
Munich Discussion Paper 2014-16
Abstract: 
Individuals’ socioeconomic status (SES) is positively correlated with their health status. While the existence of this gradient may be uncontroversial, the same cannot be said about its explanation. In this paper, we extend the approach of testing for the absence of causal channels developed by Adams et al. (2003), which in a Granger causality sense promises insights on the causal structure of the health-SES nexus. We introduce some methodological refinements and integrate retrospective survey data on early childhood circumstances into this framework. We confirm that childhood health has lasting predictive power for adult health. We also uncover strong gender differences in the intertemporal transmission of SES and health: While the link between SES and functional as well as mental health among men appears to be established rather late in life, the gradient among women seems to originate from childhood circumstances.
Subjects: 
health
wealth
socio-economic gradient
causal inference
Granger causality
individual heterogeneity
childhood health
childhood circumstances
JEL: 
C33
I0
I12
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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