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Autoren: 
Fehr, Ernst
Näf, Michael
Schmidt, Klaus M.
Datum: 
2005
Schriftenreihe/Nr.: 
Munich Discussion Paper No. 2005-19
Zusammenfassung: 
Engelmann and Strobel (AER 2004) question the relevance of inequity aversion in simple dictator game experiments claiming that a combination of a preference for efficiency and a Rawlsian motive for helping the least well-off is more important than inequity aversion. We show that these results are partly based on a strong subject pool effect. The participants of the E&S experiments were undergraduate students of economics and business administration who self-selected into their field of study (economics) and learned in the first semester that efficiency is desirable. We show that for non-economists the preference for efficiency is much less pronounced. We also find a non-negligible gender effect indicating that women are more egalitarian than men. However, perhaps surprisingly, the dominance of equality over efficiency is unrelated to political attitudes.
Schlagwörter: 
Social Preferences
Inequity Aversion
Efficiency Preferences
JEL: 
C7
C91
C92
D63
D64
Persistent Identifier der Erstveröffentlichung: 
Dokumentart: 
Working Paper

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