Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/101929
Authors: 
Bertocchi, Graziella
Bozzano, Monica
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 8347
Abstract: 
We investigate the determinants of the education gender gap in Italy in historical perspective with a focus on the influence of family structure. We capture the latter with two indicators: residential habits (nuclear vs. complex families) and inheritance rules (partition vs. primogeniture). After controlling for economic, institutional, religious, and cultural factors, we find that over the 1861-1901 period family structure is a driver of the education gender gap, with a higher female to male enrollment rate ratio in upper primary schools being associated with nuclear residential habits and equal partition of inheritance. We also find that only the effect of inheritance rules persists over the 1971-2001 period.
Subjects: 
education gender gap
Italian Unification
family types
inheritance
institutions
religion
convergence
JEL: 
E02
H75
I25
J16
N33
O15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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