Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/101830
Authors: 
Arouri, Mohamed El Hedi
Ben Youssef, Adel
M'henni, Hatem
Rault, Christophe
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 8296
Abstract: 
Using a bootstrap panel analysis that allows for cross-country dependence, without requiring the use of pre-tests for a unit root, we study the causality links between energy use and employment for a sample of 16 African countries over the 1991-2010 period (according to availability of countries' data) in a panel Vector AutoRegressive model. Our results indicate that employment and energy use are strongly linked in Africa. Unidirectional causality from employment to energy use in Tunisia, Cameroun, Zambia and Ethiopia is found. A unidirectional causality from energy use to employment is found in DRC and Egypt. We found also bidirectional causality for Algeria, Benin, Kenya, Mozambique and Tanzania). However, our estimates did not indicate any causality in Big African players like South Africa, Nigeria, Morocco, Ghana and Senegal.
Subjects: 
growth
energy consumption
employment
VAR
JEL: 
Q43
Q53
Q56
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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