CMEA governments export "soft" goods at high price discounts to the west to generate hard currency. Dumping is therefore particularly prevalent in times of balance of payment or debt crises. EC producers "injured" by CMEA exports initiate AD investigations. The discretion of the EC administering agency and its political accountability results in relief being granted to politically influential interest groups through AD measures. Undertakings are the predominant measure for rent transfer and for collusive reasons. Important implications for the Eastern European trade policy makers and producers follow.