Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/60406
Authors: 
Elbasani, Arolda
Saatçioğlu, Beken
Year of Publication: 
2011
Series/Report no.: 
WZB Discussion Paper SP IV 2011-801
Abstract: 
This paper investigates when and how Islamic political actors support democracy, and in particular, the EU's democratic criteria subsumed under membership conditionality. The research focuses on the main Islamic organizations in two Muslim-majority, EU applicant states, Turkey and Albania. The analysis suggests that Islamic actors endorsed democratic rules based on a rationalist logic, which combines interest-driven and ideational concerns. The weak Albanian actors have shown unconditional support for democracy and related EU-demanded reforms, which ultimately improved their fragile domestic power position. In contrast, Turkey's considerably stronger, Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party supported democracy and EU conditions more selectively, and so long as it needed the empowerment associated with democratic and EU rules. These findings highlight the strong relationship between Islamic actors' political power considerations and support for democracy.
Subjects: 
Islam
European integration
Turkey
Albania
power-seeking
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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