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Title:Resources and the political economy of state fragility in conflict states: Iraq and Somalia PDF Logo
Authors:Dibeh, Ghassan
Issue Date:2008
Series/Report no.:Research paper / UNU-WIDER 2008.35
Abstract:This paper studies state failure and governance in two conflict-states in the Middle East: Iraq and Somalia. Iraq is currently undergoing a social experiment under which a new form of government is being constructed after the passage of autocratic rule. The government envisaged is a consociational democratic state designed a priori as a political mechanism for the redistribution of resources, mainly oil. Somalia represents a stateless society or anarchy. The paper argues that in resource-rich countries such as Iraq, the consociational project leads to an Olson-type rent-seeking confessional behaviour that hampers economic growth and development. The rent-seeking behaviour in Iraq is fuelling the insurgency that perceives the consociational system as a grabbing.
Subjects:fragile states
political economy
resources
JEL:D72
D74
N45
N55
ISBN:978-92-9230-081-4
Document Type:Working Paper
Appears in Collections:WIDER Research Papers, United Nations University (UNU)

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